First law of thermodynamics: Work and heat. Heat capacity. Work of expansion and compression. Isothermal and adiabatic process.

Second law of thermodynamics: spontaneous process. Definition of entropy and thermodynamic. Entropy change, entropy as a function of temperature and volume, entropy as a function of temperature and pressure.

Third law of thermodynamics: Absolute entropy. Spontaneity Equilibrium. Thermodynamics of open system.

Kinetics: Methods to determine chemical reaction. Factors that influence reaction rate. Rate determining equation and order of reaction from experimental data. Temperature effect: Arrhenius equation.


1. Thomas Engel and Philip Reid, (2006). Thermodynamics, Statistical Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Pearson International Edition.

2. David W Ball (2003). Physical Chemistry. Thomson Learning, Inc.

3. I.N.Levine (2002). Physical Chemistry, (5th Edition). McGraw Hill.