Nomenclature of more complicated organic compounds using IUPAC system. Mechanisms of the electrophilic aromatic substitution and the nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions. Pericyclic reactions; scopes and mechanisms of cycloaddition reactions, electrocyclic reactions, sigmatropic reactions, ene reactions. Carbanion chemistry; mechanisms and the use of carbanion ions in the synthesis of a variety of molecular features. Amino acids and proteins; their properties, synthesis and structural identification. Carbohydrates; structural identification, reactions and synthesis.


1. L.G. Wade Jr. Organic Chemistry (6th Edition). Prentice Hall (2006).

2. Solomons and C.B. Fryle. Organic Chemistry (8th Edition). John Wiley & Sons Inc (2003).

3. P.Y. Bruice. Organic Chemistry (4th Edition). Prentice Hall (2004).