This course will discuss on numerous factors which allow classes of vertebrates to live as pest populations and various steps taken to control them, namely physical, chemical, mechanical and biological controlling methods as well as reduction of their source of food and regulatory control measures. Within the context of chemical control, aspects of action, toxicity, physiology and pesticide technology as well as its effect on environment and magnification will be discussed. Combinations of two or more methods of control to manage vertebrate pests, and the best possible approach and its effects on the ecological, environmental and economic aspects will also be discussed.

Course Outcome:
At the end of this course, student should be able to:
1) Discuss the factors enabling diverse vertebrate animal groups function as pests.
2) Practice surveillance methods for vertebrate pests in field settings and to prepare report related to the activities.
3) Outline the suitable and effective scientific framework for vertebrate pest control based on biological and ecological characteristics of the animals.
4) Communicate and contribute information within group to fulfill presentation assignments.
5) Able to prepare assignment report using digital media support.
Skill Level: Beginner